When a Star Wanders Too Close to a Black Hole, Showing Violent Events in Galaxy

A black hole is an empty space packed with matter, like a star ten times more massive than the Sun squeezed in diameter

it has become a gravitational field so strong that nothing can escape, 

 in 2019, they unexpectedly observed for the first time the nearest example to date of a star being shredded after approaching too close to a massive black hole.

, astronomers in the past usually just observed a handful of TDEs.

In 2020, astronomers presented 39 TDEs to the American Astronomical Society in Honolulu,

When a black hole swallows approaching stars, it shreds them into strands like spaghetti

The first TDEs were spotted in the 1990s using an X-ray mapping satellite. But today, astronomers use optical surveys

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